The idea of the festival was born during the Velvet Revolution, in the early 1990s. It was during this period that the Theatre Faculty of the Janáček Academy of Performing Arts in Brno was restored and the reconstructed theatre space of Studio Marta was reopened, where representatives of three Czechoslovak art colleges met.
It was here that students and teachers from the JAMU, the Theatre Faculty of the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague (DAMU) and the Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava (VŠMU) discussed their methods of teaching and creating theatre, thoughts and ideas. Together they then initiated a new project to create an annual event that could be developed in the future in an international context.
Representatives from these three schools were the first participants in the festival and are still annual members of the main programme. In 1991, the first edition took place and a year later the festival got its name SETKÁNÍ/ENCOUNTER.